Thanjavur (earlier known as Tanjore) is known as the royal city of the Chola, Nayak and the Maratha rulers. It derives its name from Tanjan, a giant, who, according to a famous tale, destroyed the neighbourhood and got killed by Lord Vishnu and goddess Sri Anandavalli Amman. Tanjan’s last request, about naming the city after him, was granted. Between the 10th and 14th Centuries, Thanjavur rose to the zenith of its glory, especially during Raja RajaChola’s reign. This land is known for raising many classical musicians and Bharatanatyam dancers. Tanjore, a unique painting style is one of the most cherished arts of this place. It is also known for originating a percussion instrument, Thavil used in classical music of India. Known as the cultural capital of Tamil Nadu, it is famous for ancient temples and exquisite handicrafts.